Whether you have meaty beef short ribs braising in the oven or a piquant pork posole bubbling away on top of the stove, success depends on having the right pot. You need one that can maintain a gentle, even heat during a long, quiet simmer. And from my experience, the pots that do this best are cast-iron Dutch ovens (also known as cocottes, casseroles, and French ovens). Cast iron, in addition to being last-a-lifetime durable, conducts heat very slowly; it takes a long time to heat up, but once hot, it holds that heat admirably well. And cast iron can go right from the stovetop to the oven, an essential step in many braises. Best of all, cast iron that’s been coated with smooth glossy enamel makes a great braising vessel that’s also nonreactive and easy to clean.
If you own one of these enameled cast-iron pots or even if you’ve just eyed them longingly at the store, you probably know they’re expensive. But they’re well worth the investment, as these sturdy pots are made to last and a joy to own.
For a long time, there were few choices when shopping for an enameled cast-iron Dutch oven, but recently a number of brands have entered the market. Curious to compare the various options, we put six of the most widely available to the test (see photo; the numbers on each model in the photo correspond to the numbers below).
In the end, we concluded that all the pots we tested are good choices—cast iron by nature is a reliable and predictable material, and since all the pots were constructed of similar weight cast iron, they all performed admirably in our tests. They all seared and simmered well, held heat, sautéed evenly, and turned out beautiful stews and braises. As noted in the individual listings at right, the differences among the pots showed up in subtle ways: the design of a handle, the fit of a lid, the shape of a pot.
How we tested
We focused on 5- to 6-qt. cast-iron Dutch ovens, which we consider the most useful size. In each, we boiled and simmered with the lid on and off, seared skin-on chicken and made a stovetop chicken stew, caramelized onions, seared beef, oven-braised pot roast, and reduced sauces. We also hefted the pots into and out of the oven, weighed them, and took their measurements.
What shape is best? —
The most versatile Dutch ovens are round and wide with sides more straight than sloped. These give you the largest area for searing or browning, a critical first step in many braises and stews. Dutch ovens should also be at least 4 inches deep to accommodate pot roasts and other large braising cuts.
Oval pots are appealing, but when sautéing or searing on the stovetop, the ends of the oval tend to cook unevenly. The oval shape, however, is ideal for elongated pot roasts and whole poultry.
1. Best-fitting lid
Staub Cocotte (5 quart, $189.95) —
The richly colored high-gloss enamel, elegant design, and finial-like top handle makes this pot the most stylish of the bunch. The uniquely designed lid fits snugly and retains more moisture than other models, both on the stovetop and in the oven. The wide side handles are easy to grip with oven mitts, but the sloped sides and narrower base mean less room for searing. ChefsResource.com